A very rare antoninianus of Pacatian
Lot 296
Pacatian, usurper, circa 248-249. Antoninianus (Silver, 21 mm, 4.05 g, 7 h), Viminacium. IMP TI CL MAR PACATIANVS P F AV Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Pacatian to right, seen from behind. Rev. PAX AETERNA Pax standing front, head to left, holding olive branch in her right hand and transverse scepter in her left. Cohen 6. Pegan pl. IV, IV A 12 (same obverse die). RIC 5. Very rare. Somewhat rough, otherwise, very fine.

Ex Solidus 4, 16 November 2014, 247.

Coin finds and stylistic comparison to the local Aes coinage indicate that the main base of Pacatian, a general who revolted against Philip I in 248-249, was the important legionary fortress of Viminacium in Moesia Superior. Pacatian's coinage is notable not just for its rarity but also for including one of just two known Roman coin types to be dated after the legendary foundation of the city of Rome in 753 BC (RIC 6: ROMAE AETER AN MIL ET PRIMO = 'year 1001' = 248/9). However, the usurper was killed by his own troops before Philip's general Decius appeared on the scene, who then stirred up his own rebellion and eventually succeeded to the throne after defeating Philip I in battle in 249.
2500 CHF
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2000 CHF
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5000 CHF
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